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自考《英美文学选读》(英)浪漫主义时期(1)

作者: 阿信 发布时间: 2019年12月06日 15:25:00

  Chapter III The Romantic Period

  一、本章的学习目的和要求

  通过本章的学习,了解浪漫主义文学的产生的历史,文化背景,认识该时期文学创作的基本特征,基本主张,及其对时代及后世英国文学用至文化的影响;了解该时期重要作家的文学生涯,创作思想,艺术特色及其代表作品的主题结构,人物刻画,语言风格,思想意义等; 同时结合注释,读懂所选作品,了解其思想内容和写作特色,培养理解和欣赏文学作品的能力。

  二、本章考核知识点及考核要求

  (一) 考核知识点

  1.浪漫主义时期概述

  1) 浪漫主义时期英国社会的政治,经济,文化背景

  2) 浪漫主义文学创作的基本主张

  3) 英国浪漫主义文学的特色

  4) 浪漫主义文学对同时代及后世英国文学的影响

  2.浪漫主义时期主要作家的文学创作思想及其代表作品的主题结构,人物塑造,语言风格,艺术手法及社会意义等。

  威廉.布莱克;威廉.华兹华斯;塞.特.科勒律治;乔治.戈登.拜伦;珀.比.雪莱;约翰.济兹;简.奥斯汀

  (二) 考核要求

  1.浪漫主义时期概述

  1)识记:a.浪漫主义时期的界定

  b.历史文化背景

  2) 领会:a.浪漫主义思潮的意义与影响。

  b.浪漫主义文学创作的基本主张及对后世文学的影响。、

  3) 应用:a.名词解释:浪漫主义

  b.浪漫主义时期文学特点的分析

  2.该时期的重要作家

  1) 识记:浪漫主义时期的重要作家,代表作品及其主要内容。

  2) 领会:重要作家的创作思想,艺术特色及其代表作品的主题结构,人物塑造,语言风格,社会意义等。

  3) 应用:a.浪漫派诗歌(所选作品)的主题,意象分析

  b.小说《傲慢与偏见》的主题和主要人物的性格分析。

  一、概述

  1. 一般识记

  English Romanticism

  English Romanticism, as a historical phase of literature, is generally said to have began in 1798 with the publication of Wordsworth & Coleridge''''s Lyrical Ballads & to have ended in 1832 with Sir Walter Scott''''s death & the passage of the first Reform Bill in the Parliament.

  2. 识记 Historical & Cultural background

  During this period, England had experienced profound economic & social change. The biggest social change in English history was the transfer of large masses of the population from the countryside to the towns. As a result of the Enclosures & the agricultural mechanization, the peasants were driven of their land; some emigrated to the colonies; some sank to the level of farm laborers & many others drifted to the industrial towns where there was a growing demand for labor. But the new industrial towns were no better than jungles, where the law was "the survival of the fittest." The cruel economic exploitation caused large-scale workers'''' disturbances in England.

  3. 领会

  (1) Influences of the Romantic Movement

  Romanticism constitutes a change of direction from attention to the outer world of social civilization to the inner world of the human spirit. In essence it designates a literary & philosophical theory which tends to see the individual as the very center of all life & all experience. It also places the individual at the center of art, making literature most valuable as an expression of this or her unique feelings & particular attitudes & valuing its accuracy in portraying the individual''''s experiences.

  (2) The Romantic views about literature

  a. The Romantic period is an age of poetry. Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley & Keats are the major Romantic poets. They started a rebellion against the neoclassical literature, which was later regarded as the poetic revolution.

  b. The Romantic period is also a great age of prose. The two major novelists of the Romantic period are Jane Austen & Walter Scott.

  c. Besides poetry & prose, there are quite a number of writers who have fried their hand at poetic dramas in this period.

  4.应用

  (1) Literary Terms

  a. The Romantic Movement

  It expressed a more or less negative attitude towards the existing social & political conditions that came with industrialization & the growing importance of the bourgeoisie. The Romantics felt that the existing society denied people their essential human needs, so they demonstrated a strong reaction against the dominant modes of thinking of the 18th-century writers & philosophers. Where their predecessors saw man as a social animal, the Romantics saw him essentially as an individual in the solitary state & emphasized the special qualities of each individual''''s mind. Romanticism actually constitutes a change of direction from attention to the outer.

  b. The Gothic novel

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